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Wisdom comes with age, and so does wisdom teeth. Teeth have its own life span and it goes through several changes usually between the ages of 17-21. The back molars, also known as wisdom teeth, are the last adult teeth to emerge in the mouth. They come in on the top and bottom of both sides. When they come through correctly, healthy wisdom teeth can help you chew but many people don’t have enough room in their jaws to accommodate wisdom teeth. This can lead to a variety of problems.

Preliminary stage

Wisdom teeth can lead to problems if there isn’t enough space for them to surface or they come through in the wrong position. Every patient is unique, but in general, wisdom teeth may need to be removed when there is evidence of changes in the mouth such as pain, infection, cysts, tumors, damage to neighboring teeth, gum disease and tooth decay. Before making any decisions, your dentist will examine your mouth and take an x-ray.

Removal Duration

Time of surgical procedures vary according to the case. Most routine simple wisdom tooth removal takes anything between 15 min to an hour may be. How difficult or easy a Wisdom tooth surgery is depends on depth of the impacted (stuck) tooth , it’s shape and size , the number and shape of its roots , mouth opening of the Patient, position of the neighboring tooth or nerves or sinus around it etc. It may take 30- 45min or it may last for 2–3hours. In case of maxillary impaction, the apex of the tooth may have entered into the sinus and therefore the surgery takes a lot of time.

Short-term recovery

Mostly, wisdom teeth extraction is an outpatient surgery, which means you arrive and leave the surgery center on the same day. If you get local anesthesia or sedation during surgery, you’ll probably wake up in the dental chair. However, if you’re given general anesthesia, it takes longer for you to wake up, so you’ll be taken to a recovery room. The first day of recovery will include some blood in your mouth. A little pain and swelling is normal. You’ll also be given instructions on when and how to take medications and prescription painkillers. Staying hydrated and eating well is important for recovery, though you might not have a very good appetite directly after surgery. You can eat semi liquid soft foods after surgery, but avoid alcohol, caffeine, and smoking.

Long-term recovery

Most people fully recover from wisdom teeth surgery in three to four days. If your teeth were impacted or came in at an awkward angle, it could take a full week to recover. The wound left behind after surgery won’t be completely healed for months, so you can still develop an infection weeks after surgery. You can resume normal, daily activities the day after surgery, but avoid any activity that could dislodge stitches or the blood clot over your wound. This includes, but isn’t limited to strenuous exercise, smoking, spitting, drinking from a straw.